Common Name: chaste tree
Botanical Name: Vitex agnus-castus
Native Range: Mediterranean, Asia
A description of the use of chaste tree in De Materia Medica by Pedanius Dioscorides, c. 50-70 AD:
Keuschlamm or Lygos [in some of the barren, innocent, three-fingered, in the prophets of the venerable, the blood of the Ibis, by the Egyptians Sum, by the Romans beach willow, wild pepper, Lecristicum] is a tree-like shrub, which by rivers and in marshy Plains, even in harsh areas and rocky coasts, grow and hard to break long branches, leaves like the olive tree, only smoother and larger. One species has a white, another species a purple flower. The seed is like pepper. He has warming, contracting power. Its fruit, drunk, helps those bitten by venomous animals, those with spleen and dropsy, and those who are absent for a long time. In the gift of 1 drachma taken with wine, it promotes the milk secretion and also facilitates the birth. But she attacks the head, making dizziness. The decoction of the herb and seed helps in sitting pictures of uterine diseases and inflammations. The seed drunk with Polei, also in the fumigation and suppository, promotes the cleansing. In the envelope, he sells the headache, and in the case of the sleepy and insane, he is blown up with vinegar and oil. The leaves lit for smoking and also used as a camp scare away the wild animals and help as an envelope against the bite of poisonous animals. Hardening of the testicles soften them with butter and vine leaves. The seed spread with water relieves cracks around the anus, at the same time as the leaves it heals dislocations and wounds. However, a preventive measure against the wolf on hikes should also be, if someone carries a branch of it in the hand.
Last updated: 1/3/2020